December 2018   
SMTWTFS
      1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
3031   
Bible Search
MAtt. 24 (summary of destruction of the Temple & 2nd coming)

SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS IN MATTHEW 24

 

FROM THE DISCIPLES’ QUESTIONS JESUS TALKED ABOUT TWO MAJOR EVENTS; THE DESTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLE/JERUSALEM (AD 70) AND THE SECOND COMING OR END OF THE AGE. JESUS SAID THERE WOULD BE SIGNS PRIOR TO THE DESTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLE BUT NO SIGNS PRIOR TO HIS SECOND COMING. THE DSICIPLES THOUGHT THESE TWO EVENTS WOULD HAPEPN TOGETHER. 

JESUS TOLD THEM NOT TO BE DECIEVED (24:4-8)—THERE WOULD BE WARS AND RUMORS OF WARS, FAMINES, EARTHQUAKES—THESE THINGS ARE THE “BEGINNINGS OF BIRTH PAINS.”---THE CONTEXT IS STILL THE DESTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLE NOT THE END OF THE WORLD.  ALL THESE THINGS TOOK PLACE PRIOR TO AD 70 (EXAMPLE:  17 QUAKES WERE REPORTED OVER THE REGION IN THE 1ST CENTURY, PAUL COLLECTED MONEY FOR FAMINE RELIEF IN JERUSALEM). JESUS ALSO SAID THERE WOULD BE PERSECUTIONS FOR HIS SAKE. THE RECORD IN ACTS HIGHLIGHTS MANY OF THESE—THE APOSTLES WERE THREATENED, BEATEN, JAILED AND KILLED.  THE “YOU” HERE IS REFERRING TO THE DISCIPLES.

MATT. 24:14 IS OFTEN CONNECTED WITH THE END OF TIME BUT THE CONTEXT IS STILL THE DESTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLE.  THE WORD “WORLD” IS A WORD THAT MEANS A TERRITORY OR REGION—HERE REFERRING TO THE ROMAN EMPIRE.  WHEN THE GOSPEL IS PREACHED IN THE TERRITORY OF ROME’S REIGN THEN THE “END” WILL COME.  THE WORD END HERE IS THE END OF A PROCESS AND WOULD POINT TO THE END OF THE TEMPLE WHICH WAS THE CENTER OF JEWISH LIFE FOR CENTURIES.  IN AD 70 THE TEMPLE WAS GONE AND SO THE WHOLE SACRIFICIAL SYSTEM.  ALSO, PAUL SAID THE GOSPEL WAS FULLY PROCLAIMED FROM JERUSALEM ALL THE WAY TO ILLYRICUM, WHICH WAS THE BORDER OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE (ROM. 15:19).

WHAT IS THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION?  AGAIN, IT IS NOT HERE TALKING ABOUT THE END TIME BUT THE DESTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLE.  LUKE HELPS US HERE WHEN HE WRITES, “WHEN YOU SEE JERUSALEM SURROUINDED BY ARMIES.”  THIS IS A CLEAR REFERENCE TO THE ROMAN ARMY WHICH CAME AGAINST JERUSALEM IN AD 66.  GENERAL CETIUS GALLUS MADE A MYSTERIOUS RETREAT FROM THE CITY WHEN HE COULD HAVE EASILY TAKEN IT.  REMEMBER JESUS SAID PRAY YOUR FLIGHT DOESN’T TAKE PLACE IN WINTER OR THE SABBATH.  GALLUS RETREATED ON A SABBATH (OCT.16) AND IT WAS ABOUT FOUR WEEKS BEFROE WINTER!   WHEN BELIEVERS SAW THIS THEY LEFT THE CITY IN MASS AND WENT TO THE CITY OF PELLA.

MATT. 24:29-31 SEEM TO REFER TO THE SECOND COMING.  BUT THIS IS APOCALYPTIC LITERATURE.  PETER QUOTED THE PROPHET JOEL ON PENTECOST (ACTS 2) AND JOEL’S PROPHECY REFERS TO “WONDERS IN THE HEAVEN…SUN TURNED TO DARKNESS AND THE MOON TO BLOOD.”   THIS IMAGERY WAS OFTEN USED TO DESCRIBE THE DESTRUCTION OF A NATION IN THE O.T.  SO THE KEY IMAGE HERE IS A GREAT UPHEAVAL WHICH AFFECTS THE EARTH AND HEAVENS.  THE SPREAD OF THE GOSPEL WOULD BE A WORLD CHANGING EVENT.  PAUL’S LETTER TO THE THESS. SAYS THE EARLY CHRISTIANS TURNED THE WORLD UPSIDE DOWN.

THE PARABLE OF THE FIG TREE WAS A SUMMARY TO REMIND BELIEVERS TO LOOK FOR AND DISCERN THE SIGNS PRIOR TO THE DESTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLE AND JERUSALEM.

MATT. 24:36-42 IS A SHIFT IN TOPIC.  JESUS HERE BEGINS TO TALK OF HIS SECOND COMING.  THIS IS ALSO A PASSAGE THAT IS CONNECTED TO THE MODERN BELIEF THAT THE CHURCH WILL BE “RAPTURED” OUT OF THE WORLD BEFORE A PERIOD (USUALLY 7 YEARS) OF TRIBULATION.  THE RAPTURE CONCEPT BEGAN IN 1830 WITH A WOMAN NAMED MARGARET MCDONALD WHO CLAIMED NO ONE WOULD SEE JESUS COMING AND THERE WOULD BE A SECOND OUTPOURING OF THE HOLY SPIRIT.  ALSO, NOTE THAT THERE WAS NO TALK OF A SECRET RAPTURE THROUGH 1800 YEARS OF CHURCH HISTORY.

JESUS SAID HIS COMING WOULD BE LIKE THE DAYS OF NOAH.  NOTICE WHO WAS LEFT AND WHO WAS TAKEN DURING THE FLOOD.  NOAH WAS LEFT TO LIVE ON A CLEANSED EARTH.  THE WICKED WERE DESTROYED.  THERE WERE NO SIGNS PRIOR TO THE FLOOD—THE PEOPLE WERE TAKEN BY SURPRISE.  THEN, GO TO MATT. 13:24-30 AND READ THE PARABLE OF THE WEEDS—NOTICE THE ORDER, THE EVIL ARE TAKEN AND THE GOOD ARE LEFT (JUST THE OPPOSITE OF MODERN RAPTURE THINKING).  THE EVIL ARE PUNISHED AND THE RIGHTEOUS WILL SHINE LIKE THE SUN AND RECEIVE THEIR REWARDS, REFERENCING THE FINAL JUDGMENT. 

1 THESS. 4:13-17 IS A POPULAR PASSAGE FOR THE RAPTURE IDEA.  THE WORD “PAROUSIA” REFERRED TO THE COMING OF A KING OR EMPEROR TO A CITY.  GIFTS WERE GIVEN AND PEOPLE WORE WHITE CLOTHING WHEN HE CAME.  NOTE THAT THIS TEXT SAYS JESUS’ COMING WILL BE LOUD AND VISIBLE, NOT SECRET OR QUIET.  THE PICTURE HERE IS THE “DEAD IN CHRIST WILL RISE FIRST” AND THEN THOSE WHO ARE STILL ALIVE WILL BE “CAUGHT UP” TOGETHER WITH THEM TO “MEET” THE LORD IN THE AIR.  THE WORD “MEET” REFERS TO PEOPLE IN THE CITY COMING OUT TO MEET THE KING OR EMPEROR AND THEN WALKING WITH HIM BACK INTO THE CITY.  SO THE LORD WILL TAKE HIS BRIDE (THE CHURCH) TO THE NEW HEAVEN AND NEW EARTH AND DWELL WITH THEM THERE.  IN CONNECTION WITH THIS READ (2 THESS. 1:7-1  AND  REV. 11:15-18).  JESUS SECOND COMING WILL BE THE END—ETERNAL PUNISHMENT FOR THE WICKED AND ETERNAL LIFE FOR THE RIGHTEOUS.

SUMMARY OF THE RAPTURE:

  1. THERE WAS NO TEACHING OF A RAPTURE FOR 1800 YEARS OF CHURCH HISTORY
  2. JESUS NEVER PRAYED FOR THE CHURCH TO BE TAKEN OUT OF THE WORLD (JOHN 17:15). THERE HAVE ALWAYS BEEN SEASONS OF PERSECUTION AND TRIBULATION IN THE WORLD AND THERE IS NOW IN MANY PARTS OF THE WORLD. 
  3. THERE IS NO SECOND CHANCE ACCORDING TO SCRIPTURE (HEB.9:27). WHY WOULD UNBELIEVERS WHO HAPPENED TO BE ALIVE DURING A 7 YEAR TRIBULATION TIME GET A SECOND OPPORTUNITY TO ACCEPT THE GOSPEL THAT NO ONE ELSE IN ALL HISTORY HAD? 
  4. SCRIPTURE ONLY TALKS OF A SECOND COMING, NOT A THIRD COMING OR A SPLIT SECOND COMING.